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ISRAELI DEFENSE FORCE


    This page provides some reference photos and background on the IDF's invasion of Lebanon.

Background:

    Here is a brief summary of Israel’s involvement in Lebanon.

   After years of conflict between the PLO and the IDF along the Lebanon boarder, "Operation Peace for Galilee" was launched on June 6, 1982. 1240 Israeli tanks, 1500 APCs, paratroopers and infantry invaded southern Lebanon and succeeded in destroying and capturing various PLO strongholds and refugee camps.  As they pushed north, they eventually ran into the Syrian Army in eastern Lebanon.  Dog-fights and tank battles broke out over the Bekka Valley pitting the latest in soviet and western technologies against each other.  Israel would soon push towards Beirut and the Damascus Beirut highway, cutting off Syrian forces to the west encircling and laying siege to the capital..  After two months, the Palestinians surrendered and agreed to leave Beirut by sea and land under the supervision of a multi-national peace-keeping force.  Israel would remain in Lebanon until 2001.



Infantry:

    Israeli Infantry comes in two types, the Paratrooper and the Foot Infantry.  The Foot Infantry form the Golani Brigade, the only Infantry Brigade in IDF while Paratroopers were organized into three Parachute Brigades.  In Lebanon, Infantry were usually fielded in battalion strength with armored transport and attached to an Armored Brigade.
 

Assault Rifles, SMGs and Sniper Rifles:

  • Galil Assault Rifle
  • Glilon SAR (short assault rifle)
  • CAR-15 Assault Rifle
  • 9mm UZI SMG
  • M-16 Assault Rifle
  • M-21 7.62mm Sniper Rifle
  • AK-47 Assault Rifle
  • AKM Assault Rifle

Light Machineguns:

  • Negev
  • FN MAG

Heavy Machineguns:

  • M2 .50 cal

Grenade Launchers:

  • M203 Grenade Launcher
  • Rifle Grenades

Anti-Tank Weapons:

  • RPG-7
  • M72 LAW
  • Dragon

Mortars:

  • 60mm Light Mortar
  • 81mm Mortar





Armor:

    Israeli Armored Brigades have formed the back bone of the IDF since 1967.  In 1982, the IDF fielded three types of Main Battle Tanks, the Merkava (Chariot), the M60 Magach, and the Centurion SHO'T.
 
 


Israeli Merkava Tank move cautiously through Lebanon.

Merkava 1 MBT

 

Armament:  1 x 105mm, 1 x 7.62mm MG (coaxial),
2 x 7.62mm MG (anti-aircraft, 1 x 60mm mortar

Crew:  4

Maximum Speed:  46 Km/h

Maximum Range:  400 Km

Combat Weight:  61,000 kg

Armor:  Classified

 

               
M60 Magach with reactive armor

M60A1 Magach

 

Armament:  1 x 105mm, 2 x 7.62mm MG (coaxial),
1 x 12.7mm MG, smoke grenade dischargers

Crew:  4

Maximum Speed:  48 Km/h

Maximum Range:  480 Km

Combat Weight:  52,617 kg

Armor:  250mm (maximum), Blazer Reactive Armor


An Israeli Centurion Sho't with Reactive armor

Centurion Sho't

 

Armament:  1 x 105mm, 2 x 7.62mm MG (coaxial),
1 x 12.7mm MG, smoke grenade dischargers

Crew:  4

Maximum Speed:  34 Km/h

Maximum Range:  480 Km

Combat Weight:  51,820 kg

Armor:  152mm (maximum), Blazer Reactive Armor


 

    Each Armored Brigade had a Battalion of Mechanized Infantry who road in the battle tested M113 APC.  The Israelis upgraded their M113s with additional armor in an attempt to better protect the vehicle from RPG fire.  In addition to the M2 .50cal HMG, two more 7.62mm FN MAGs were mounted.


A M113 Zelda APC passes another less fortunate one.

M113A2 Zelda APC

 

Armament:  1 x 12.7mm MG, 2 x 7.62mm MGs

Crew:  2+11

Maximum Speed:  60 Km/h

Maximum Range:  480 Km

Combat Weight:  11,253 kg

Armor:  44mm (maximum)

 

   The IDF fielded M113s in various other rolls such as the M150 TOW, the M125 81mm Mortar Carrier and the M163 20mm Vulcan Air Defense System.


M150 with TOW ATGW

M150

 

Armament:  TOW ATGW Launcher, 1 x 12.7mm MG

Crew:  3

Maximum Speed:  60 Km/h

Maximum Range:  480 Km

Combat Weight:  11,253 kg

Armor:  44mm (maximum)



Artillery:

   

M109 SPG

 

Armament:  1 x 155mm Howitzer, 1 x 12.7mm MG

Crew:  6

Maximum Speed:  56 Km/h

Maximum Range:  349 Km

Combat Weight:  24,948 kg

Armor:  44mm (maximum)

 

M125 Self-propelled 81mm Mortar

 

Armament:  M29 81mm Mortar, 1 x 12.7mm MG

Crew:  6

Maximum Speed:  64 Km/h

Maximum Range:  480 Km

Combat Weight:  12,809 kg

Armor:  44mm (maximum)

 

M163 Vulcan Self-propelled Anti-aircraft gun

 

Armament:  1 x 6-barrel 20mm cannon

Crew:  4

Maximum Speed:  67 Km/h

Maximum Range:  480 Km

Combat Weight:  12,310 kg

Armor:  44mm (maximum)



Close Air Support:

AH-1 Cobra armed with TOW ATGW and Chain Gun


500 MD Defender with TOW





Israeli Combat Formations:
 

Armored Brigade:

  • Two Tank Battalions
  • One Mechanized Infantry/Paratrooper Battalion
  • One Battalion of Two Self-Propelled Mortar Batteries
  • Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Company
  • Recee Company

Mechanized Brigade:

  • Three Mechanized Infantry/Paratrooper Battalions
  • One Tank Battalion
  • Self-Propelled Anti-Tank Company


Tank Battalion:    3 to 4 Tank Companies, 1 Support Company

    Tank Company:

        Company HQ:    2 MBTs*

        3 Platoons:    3 MBTs*

    Support Company: 4 Recee Jeeps or 4 M113 Zeldas

*MBTs are Merkava 1, M60 Magach or Sho't.
 

Mechanized Infantry Battalion:    3 Mechanized Infantry Companies, 1 Support Company

    Mechanized Infantry / Paratrooper Company:

        Company HQ:    2 M113s, Jeep, 6 Infantry

        3 Rifle Platoons:

                 Platoon HQ:      M113, 10 Infantry w/ 1 52mm Mortar and 1 Dragon ATGW

                3 Rifle Sections:  M113, 10 Infantry w/ 1 FN LMG, 1 RPG-7 each

    Support Company:    6 M150 (TOW), 9 M125, M113 with FO, 3 M113 with 6 .50cal HMGs.
 

Orders of Battle

Corps Command - Maj-Gen. Avigdor Ben-Gal

91st Udga - Brig-Gen. Yitzhak Mordechai

  • Attacked along the costal road towards Sidon
  • 375th Mechanized Brigade
  • 769th Mechanized Brigade
  • 211th Armoured Brigade (1 Battalion with Merkavas, 2 with M60 Magach 5)

 

96th Udga - Brig-Gen. Amos Yaron

  • Amphibious Landing north of Sidon.
  • Attacked Damour then Beirut.
  • 35th Paratrooper brigade
  • 211th Armored brigade (joined on June 7th from 91st)
  • 1 Armoured Brigade from the 844th equipped with M60 Magach 5s

 

36th Udga - Brig-Gen. Avigdor Kahalani

  • Attacked from Metulla to Nabatiyeh.
  • Joined 91st at Sidon
  • 188th Barak Armored brigade (53rd, 71st, 74th Battalions with Centurion Sho’t)
  • 1st Golani Mechanized brigade  with 77th Tank Battalion equipped with Merkavas
  • 769th  Mechanized brigade

 

162nd Udga - Brig-Gen.  Menachem Einan

  • Attacked through Ein Zehalta
  • Reached the Beirut-Demascus Highway at Ein Dara
  • 500th  Armoured Brigade (195th, 430th, 433rd Battalions with M60 Magach 5)
  • 514th Armoured Brigade with 2 battalions of Centurion Sho’t
  • 903rd Mechanized Battalion
  • 1 Unknown Mechanized Battalion

 

252th Udga - Brig-Gen. Immanuel Sakel

  • Attacked from Metulla into Fatahland
  • Moved through Kafr Qouq, Yanta and Wadi Shebaa to Rashaiya
  • 7th Armored Brigade (75th, 82nd Battalions with Merkavas)
  • 401st Armoured Brigade (46th, 52nd Battalions with M60 Magach 5)
  • 473rd Mechanized Brigade
  • 424th and 269th Mechanized Battalions

 

90th Udga - Brig-Gen. Giora Lev

  • Attacked from Metulla
  • Moved through Marj Ayoun towards Karoun and Jubb Jennin
  • 734th Armoured Brigade (360th, 362nd, 363rd battalions equipped with M48 Magach 3)
  • 943rd Armoured Brigade (346th, 572nd, 573rd battalions equipped with M48 Magach 3)
  • 14th Armoured Brigade (79th, 184nd battalions equipped with M60 Magach 3)
  • 525th Mechanized Brigade

 

880th Udga - Brig-Gen. Yom-Tov Tamir

  • Reserve for the Bekka Sector
  • 645th Armoured Brigade (134th, 142nd, ???th battalions equipped with M60 Magach 5)
  • 767th Armoured Brigade (708th, 711th, 719th battalions equipped with M60 Magach 5)
  • 656th Armoured Brigade (452nd, 453rd, ???th battalions equipped with M60 Magach 3)
  • 1 Mechanized Brigade

 

Task Force Vardi - Brig.Gen. Danni Vardi

  • Attacked north to take Jezzine
  • Advanced along the west of Lake Qaraoun
  • 460th Armoured Brigade from the 252nd (198th battalion equipped with Merkavas, 532nd battalion with M60 Magach 5s, 196th battalion with Sho’t)
  • 514th Armoured Brigade equipped with 2 battalions of Centurion Sho’t

 

Task Force Peled - Brig. Gen. Yossi Peled

  • Advanced along the Jebel Liban Ridge
  • Hunted Down Syrian Tanks
  • 409th Anti-Tank Brigade
  • 551st Anti-Tank Brigade

Note:    Udga = Division

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